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Binghamton Speech & Debate

Proposition: Maren Feltman (Wood River High School) vs. Opposition: - - (Unaffiliated)

Judge: Min Seob Lee (Kyunghee University)

Resolution: This house believes that the borders of nation-states should not prevent the movement of refugees.

  • Maren Feltman
    Maren Feltman
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    Speech Details

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    Posted at April 17, 2017 09:59:30PM EST by Maren Feltman

    Citations

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    Shield, ~. Hammering. "John Rawls And The Veil Of Ignorance." Hammering Shield. N.p., 21 Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
    Phillips, Katherine W. "How Diversity Makes Us Smarter." Scientific American. N.p., 10 Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

    This House Believes that the borders of nation states should not prevent the movement of refugees. Morality is the best thing to value in this debate round as we are all human and we should value the moral actions we take that impact others.

    The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) defines a refugee as “someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.”

    This status is decided by “Governments [who] establish status determination procedures to decide a person’s legal standing and rights in accordance to their own legal systems. UNHCR may offer advice as part of its mandate to promote refugee law, protect refugees and supervise the implementation of the 1951 Refugee Convention. The agency advocates that governments adopt a rapid, flexible and liberal process, recognizing how difficult it often is to document persecution.
    UNHCR’s 57-member Executive Committee [also] sets non-binding guidelines that may be useful in this respect and the agency’s “Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status” is an authoritative interpretation of the 1951 Convention. In countries which are not party to international refugee instruments but who request UNHCR’s assistance, the agency may determine a person’s refugee status and offer its protection and assistance.

    A refugee is distinctly different from an immigrant. An immigrant is someone who chooses to leave their country and a refugee is forced to leave due to unsafe circumstances.

    Value: Morality

    Veil of ignorance
    Claim: The veil of ignorance states that if someone were to design a system or government without knowing how they would be financially, or their social class, the system would be fairer.
    if a man knew that he was wealthy, he might find it rational to advance the principle that various taxes for welfare measures be counted unjust; if he knew that he were poor, he would most likely propose the contrary principle. To represent the desired restrictions, one imagines a situation in which everyone is deprived of this sort of information.”
    Rawls contends that if “rational persons concerned to advance their interests” found themselves in this type of Original Position, they would agree to a Social Contract in which there existed an equal distribution of liberties and social goods.
    Shield, ~. Hammering. "John Rawls And The Veil Of Ignorance." Hammering Shield. N.p., 21 Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

    Impact: This impacts people because it makes it possible to envision all aspects and perspectives. It also enables a more just and moral hypothetical society to emerge. This also keeps man moral and makes it possible for the most moral or just system to emerge.

    Benefits of diversity
    Claim: Diversity helps to better society.
    Warrant:
    Phillips, Katherine W. "How Diversity Makes Us Smarter." Scientific American. N.p., 10 Sept. 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
    The fact is that if you want to build teams or organizations capable of innovating, you need diversity. Diversity enhances creativity. It encourages the search for novel information and perspectives, leading to better decision making and problem solving. Diversity can improve the bottom line of companies and lead to unfettered discoveries and breakthrough innovations. Even simply being exposed to diversity can change the way you think.
    Impact: With diversity there are more ideas introduced, more perspectives explored, and opinions are changed, a lot of the time for the better. Morality is upheld by embracing diversity because all human opinions are valued as equal and important.

    Posted at April 18, 2017 09:46:21PM EST by - -

    Citations

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    https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2013/11/13/is-resettlement-a-solution-for-syrias-refugee-crisis/
    http://cis.org/High-Cost-of-Resettling-Middle-Eastern-Refugees

    Posted at April 20, 2017 02:33:03AM EST by Maren Feltman

    Citations

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    None available for this speech.

    Posted at April 20, 2017 06:37:44PM EST by - -

    Citations

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    Good luck and great debate!

    https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2013/11/13/is-resettlement-a-solution-for-syrias-refugee-crisis/
    OPPOSITION PLAN/THESIS BASIS:
    "They can help a relatively tiny number of refugees who in effect win what might be called the "migration lottery" and are resettled here, or they can devote the limited resources available to helping many more refugees in the region for the same amount of money. If the goal is to help as many people as possible, then assisting Middle Eastern refugees in their home region gives a far greater return on public money. "
    our best estimate is that in their first five years in the United States each refugee from the Middle East costs taxpayers $64,370 — 12 times what the UN estimates it costs to care for one refugee in neighboring Middle Eastern countries. The cost of resettlement includes heavy welfare use by Middle Eastern refugees; 91 percent receive food stamps and 68 percent receive cash assistance. Costs also include processing refugees, assistance given to new refugees, and aid to refugee-receiving communities. Given the high costs of resettling refugees in the United States, providing for them in neighboring countries in the Middle East may be a more cost-effective way to help them.
    It is worth adding that ORR often reports that most refugees are self-sufficient within five years. However, ORR defines "self-sufficiency" as not receiving cash welfare. A household is still considered "self-sufficient" even if it is using any number of non-cash programs such as food stamps, public housing, or Medicaid.
    They can help a relatively tiny number of refugees who in effect win what might be called the "migration lottery" and are resettled here, or they can devote the limited resources available to helping many more refugees in the region for the same amount of money. If the goal is to help as many people as possible, then assisting Middle Eastern refugees in their home region gives a far greater return on public money.

    http://cis.org/High-Cost-of-Resettling-Middle-Eastern-Refugees

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/immigration/11842643/The-refugees-welcome-fad-will-do-more-harm-than-good.html

    http://www.dw.com/en/the-risk-of-open-borders/a-19496770

    Posted at April 22, 2017 02:39:16AM EST by Maren Feltman

    Citations

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    Thanks for the great debate!

    Status

    This match has been completed. Show the Decision.

    Submitted at April 23, 2017 09:23:32AM EST by Min Seob Lee

    Category Maren Feltman - -
    Use of evidence: 3.4 3.1
    Delivery skill: 3.4 3.6
    Coherence of arguments: 3.5 3
    Responsiveness to opponent: 3.3 3.3
    Identification of key points: 3.5 3.4
    Comments: These are some points what you could have been improved.

    1. When you suggested that refugees are different than free immigrants, you could have more vivid description how serious difficulties that refugees face now, and how developed countries can provide much better environment than developing countries by opening borders. Be more clear!

    2. How increase diversity? I got the point that newcomers themselves have potential to provide more diversity. But without process and evidence(as opp pointed out) I don't know how diversity can be promoted.
    These are some points what you could have been improved.

    1. It is a good thing to point out lack of evidence and citation of you opponent. But if you too much focus to attack your opponent, there are relatively lack of time to develop your own case, evidence, and citations.

    2. If your opponent didn't provide evidence or citation, your counter-evidence and counter-citation can be the sources for generalization. But please remember 'number' of evidences are not enough to win this debate. Debate is about comparison which team provide more reasonable generalization.

    The decision is for the Proposition: Maren Feltman

    Reason for Decision:

    When proposition speaker gave the points about 'urgent need' and promoting diversity', opposition speaker mainly respond that by saying proposition cases are based on weak grounds like lack of evidences, citations and others.

    Even though I accept that proposition's case have possibility to wrong because of above reason, but opposition response stopped this point. Which means, opposition didn't gave the answers that 'If we need to help refugees from persecution and others, why opening borders was not good solution?', 'Why 'opening borders as the way of increasing diversity' actually isn't true? What the backlashes?' and something like that.

    Your opponent's case wrong doesn't makes your case right unless the debate is about which speaker did less mistakes. So please provide more positive materials with more constructive explanations and evidences next time.

    Thank you very much for reading this decision.


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