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Binghamton Speech & Debate

Proposition: Rachel Lackow (Binghamton University) vs. Opposition: Jeffrey Twitty (Binghamton University)

Judge: Rachel Cotrino (Binghamton University)

Resolution: Resolved: The United States Federal Government ought to pay reparations to African Americans.

  • Rachel Lackow
    Rachel Lackow

    Jeffrey Twitty
    Jeffrey Twitty
    Click to begin

    Speech Details

    Click on the other tabs to watch watch that speech.

    Posted at October 19, 2015 02:10:25PM EST by Rachel Lackow



    Max Du Plessis, 2003, Historical Injustice and International Law: An Exploratory Discussion of Reparation for Slavery,

    James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, 2005, Slavery and the Making of America, Oxford University Press

    Martha Biondi. "The Rise of the Reparations Movement."Radical History Review 87.1 (2003): 5-18.Project MUSE. Web. 20 Sep. 2015.

    Posted at October 21, 2015 12:02:07AM EST by Jeffrey Twitty



    Census data:

    Migration data:

    Poverty data:

    Cairnes quote:

    Posted at October 21, 2015 03:59:15PM EST by Rachel Lackow



    Williams, E. (1944)Capitalism and slavery.University of North Carolina Press.

    V.P. Franklin2012The Journal of African American History

    Rhonda E. Howard 2004 Project Muse, Getting to Reparations: Japanese Americans and African Americans

    Down in New Orleans: Reflections from a Drowned City, Billy Sothern, Chapter 10: History Repeats itself

    Ta-Nehisi Coates is an African-American writer atThe Atlantic,as well as the author of two books,The Beautiful StruggleandBetween the World and Me.

    Naomi Roht-Arriaza, 2004, LexisNexis, , Reparations Decision and Dilemmas

    Posted at October 23, 2015 02:09:45AM EST by Jeffrey Twitty



    Sioux Reparations Denial:

    Intersectionality and Public Policy: Some Lessons from Existing Models
    Olena Hankivsky and Renee Cormier
    Political Research Quarterly
    Vol. 64, No. 1 (MARCH 2011) , pp. 217-229
    Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of the University of Utah
    Stable URL:

    Source: Review of Religious Research, Vol. 52, No. 3 (March 2011), pp. 233-247

    Section 8 Info:

    Posted at October 23, 2015 07:45:53PM EST by Rachel Lackow



    Price and Prejudice in the Housing Market
    David Collard
    The Economic Journal
    Vol. 83, No. 330 (Jun., 1973), pp. 510-515

    Housing Discrimination and Residential Mobility: Impacts for Blacks and Whites
    Scott J. South and Kyle D. Crowder
    Population Research and Policy Review
    Vol. 17, No. 4 (Aug., 1998), pp. 369-387

    Racial Discrimination: The Housing Market
    Frank M. Caccavallo
    The American Economist
    Vol. 25, No. 1 (Spring, 1981), pp. 43-52

    Journal of Labor Economics
    Space and Unemployment: The Labor‐Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch
    University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign
    University of Southampton
    Published by:The University of Chicago Presson behalf of theSociety of Labor Economistsand theNORC at the University of Chicago
    Article DOI: 10.1086/344129
    Stable URL:

    Demobilization of the Individualistic Bias: Housing Market Discrimination as a Contributor to Labor Market and Economic Inequality
    Gregory D. Squires
    The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
    Vol. 609, Race, Ethnicity, and Inequality in the U.S. Labor Market: Critical Issues in the New Millennium (Jan., 2007), pp. 200-214


    This match has been completed. Show the Decision.

    Submitted at October 24, 2015 03:11:50PM EST by Rachel Cotrino

    Category Rachel Lackow Jeffrey Twitty
    Use of evidence: 4.5 4.5
    Delivery skill: 3.6 4
    Coherence of arguments: 4 4
    Responsiveness to opponent: 4.5 3.4
    Identification of key points: 4 3.7
    Comments: excellent use of sources. Your speed talking in the rebuttals was good, not too fast, but was still a little difficult to follow at times good use of sources. your delivery was incredibly clear and it was obvious you were well prepared. What made your argument less persuasive were Ad Hominem attacks against Rachel - i.e. "your arguments lack direction" or "she does not fully understand."

    The decision is for the Proposition: Rachel Lackow

    Reason for Decision:

    I voted for Rachel. The reason I voted for Rachel was because I felt that Jeff did not effectively rebut Rachel's Legacy argument. For example, Jeff you could have argued about affirmative action as a gov't program taken to mitigate the harms of legacy programs. I liked that Jeff went back to Rachel's source for his argument to parse it out, but you failed to really hit the argument home, and ultimately parsing out the source was unpersuasive. Moreover, Jeff failed to rebut Rachel's point that Jeff's counter plan would effectively put money into the hands of the whites, who historically enslaved the blacks. It was a strong point and Jeff failed to rebut it, instead he took time to brag about his urban planning background (which is impressive but not the point), therefore, I found Rachel to be more persuasive.

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