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Binghamton Speech & Debate

Proposition: Emma Murphy (Winston Churchill High School) vs. Opposition: Connor Hayes (Wood River High School)

Judge: Guy Risko (Bard High School Early College)

Resolution: This house believes that prisons should be abolished

  • Emma Murphy
    Emma Murphy
    vs.



    Connor Hayes
    Connor Hayes
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    Speech Details

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    Posted at April 13, 2015 07:04:15PM EST by Emma Murphy

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    Affirmative
    Resolved: This house believes that prisons should be abolished.
    Prison overcrowding is a major issue in the united states.
    Prison overcrowding violates the 8th Amendment for prisoners, some are subjected to horrific conditions. On May 23, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prison conditions in California violate the Eighth Amendments ban on cruel and unusual punishment and ordered the state to reduce its prison population of 140,000 by 30,000 people.
    Overcrowding has overtaken the limited resources of prison staff; Wardens and significantly outnumbered by inmates, making it hard to keep track of the prisoners. imposed demands well beyond the capacity of medical and mental health facilities have created unsanitary and unsafe conditions that make progress in the provision of care difficult or impossible to achieve," So are the states 140,000 inmates. Jam-packed into 33 prisons only built to hold 80,000 individuals, these men and women commit suicide at double the national inmate average, experience unprecedented rates of lock-downs, receive inadequate medical treatment and sometimes live in continuous fear of violence.

    Prison are not the only way to deal with things. We must slowly phase it out and create a new social standard of justice using restitution instead of incarceration.
    Prisons are not a set in stone way for the world to abide by. The world must adapt to changing social conditions in order to best provide and deal with infractions to the set standard of rules.
    (Abolish Prisons no date)
    Prisons used for punishment are a relatively new phenomenon, dating back less than 150 years. Mass incarceration in the U.S. is an even newer phenomenon dating back less than 30 years.
    Jails used for temporary confinement existed back to the start of history, but confinement as punishment were recent inventions developed as a more humane alternative to public ridicule, banishment or execution. Increasingly, especially since the 1970s, social and individual problems are less likely to be dealt with on the community level and are instead criminalized.
    Incarceration rates were stable in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s at around 110 per 100,000. Since 1970, they have risen to about 700 per 100,000. The growth appears to have stabilized but is far above the rest of the world with only one close rival: Russia.
    When societies evolve, they change their means of social control. Not so long ago, it became unacceptable for society to put its citizens in stocks, or publicly dunk them in water, brand them or to burn them alive. Confinement as a form of punishment was an evolved step, and now it is time to move on to more evolved methods of dealing with social problems before we normalize not only incarceration but obscenely high levels of incarceration.
    I don't dispute that bad acts happen and that society needs to reduce bad acts. But we need to do so in a way that makes bad acts less -- not more -- likely to occur. The current reliance on incarceration is not reducing crime and the pain we inflict on our own citizens [we] threatens to erase any moral authority we wish to give our laws.
    I can hear the sputtering of thousands of my readers. "But what about bad people who can't be helped?" I'm not sure such people exist, because no one has ever seriously tried rehabilitation. But even my critics admit that such people are a small minority, so I am willing to compromise with critics and propose a more reasonable slogan than "Abolish Prisons."
    The government needs to adjust its policies to be able to accommodate and encourage the reintroduction back into society of criminals as the alternative to incarceration.
    (Instead of Prisons 1976)
    The present criminal (in)justice systems care little about the wrongdoer's need or the victim's loss. The abolitionist response seeks to restore both the lawbreaker and the victim to full humanity, to lives of dignity and integrity in a caring community.
    The community we hope to build is one that assures us our basic needs and inwardly binds us in responsibility for each other. The commission of crimes by individuals from all strata of society, and the almost total disregard for the victims of crime is a reflection of the breakdown of communitythe lack of rootedness in the idea of community.
    Abolishing the punishment of prison is a fundamental step in abolishing the present punitive criminal (in)justice systems. [32] Helping both wrongdoer and wronged to Restitution offers the broadest range of possibilities on which to base a new system of justice. Restitution as we define it requires the wrongdoer to restore the victim to his/her situation before the criminal act occurred. But what is referred to as "creative restitution" can go far beyond that temporary response. It is described as a life-long voluntary task that requires "a situation be left better than before the offense was committed ... beyond what any law or court requires, beyond what friends and family expect, beyond what a victim asks, beyond what conscience or super-ego demands . . . only a 'second mile' is restitution in its broadest meaning of a complete restoration of good will and harmony." [33]
    resolve their differences thru mediation, restitution and other reconciliatory practices, are alternatives we can build into the new system of justice.

    Do the conditions for a new reconciliatory system exist in our fragmented, technological and competitive society? The potential is there, the yearning for true community is consistent with ideals common to our culture. Abolish prison as we know it and adopt a new social construct that works better with our progressing society.
    (Abolish Prisons no date)
    [Heres the plan.] Divert addicts to drug treatment not prison. Deal with people who are not immediately dangerous in their communities and offer meaningful treatment to those who are incarcerated. Invest in future positive acts instead of in past bad acts. Offer education and job training to all people who need it inside and outside of prison.
    Studies conclude that restitution is a valid alternative to incarceration and can be implemented slowly with incarceration in order to phase it out quickly.
    Many European countries have incarceration rates under 100 per 100,000. In Japan, the rate is 40 per 100,000. Norway even has a short waiting list to get into prison. It's not true that these countries have less crime, they merely have a different response to crime.
    The United States should follow the lead of other countries with more reasonable incarceration rates. By the time we reach an incarceration rate of 40 per 100,000, I argue that prison won't be the same thing anymore.
    The experience may teach this country that incarceration is not the only answer to crime.
    ad of Prisons 1976)
    It is difficult if not impossible to attain these conditions within the criminal (in)justice systems. Thus, current restitution programs for those already imprisoned fall far short of the ideal. But since a growing number of prisoners regard restitution as an opportunity for "a way out of the joint," it should be seriously examined as a decarcerating mechanism.
    Many reformers see parole/restitution programs as a first step. They look forward to fuller utilization of the concept when citizens and systems gradually become educated to the use of restitutive alternatives.
    Iowa are experimenting with restitution programs inside their criminal (in)justice systems. The idea is beginning to grow as a "correctional" concept and the restitution programs do not seem to black candidates.

    Posted at April 14, 2015 11:03:01PM EST by Connor Hayes

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    None available for this speech.

    Posted at April 15, 2015 08:29:39PM EST by Emma Murphy

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    None available for this speech.

    Posted at April 17, 2015 11:20:11PM EST by Joe Leeson-Schatz

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    None available for this speech.

    Status

    This match has been completed. Show the Decision.

    Submitted at April 18, 2015 10:31:51PM EST by Joe Leeson-Schatz

    The decision is for the Opposition: Connor Hayes

    Reason for Decision:

    The proposition didn't post their closing speech or contact the tournament by the deadline, resulting in a forfeit.


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